Sedimentary basins form where the Earth’s crust undergoes subsidence, and represent unique layered archives or information about the Earth’s evolution. Sedimentary rocks that fill basins record the interactions of lithospheric processes with the atmosphere and hydrosphere dynamics. Both ancient and present-day sedimentary basins contain most of the world’s hydrocarbons, as well as significant reserves of drinking water. The types of sedimentary successions in basins, their geometries and stratigraphic history provide clues to the tectonic and thermal regimes of the lithospheric plates in which they occur, as well as to the climatic conditions and their variations in time and space. The study of sedimentary basins necessarily requires a multi-disciplinary approach that involves collaboration of geologists with geophysicists, geochemists, palaeontologists, and, in industrial applications, with engineers. Our research is focused on the following main aspects of the basin studies: (i) evolution of depositional systems as clues to the tectono-sedimentary evolution of basins, studied by means of sequence stratigraphy and stratigraphic forward modelling; (ii) the history of past climatic, oceanographic, and sea-level changes based on their record in rocks, including modelling of the sedimentary record of orbitally driven sea-level changes.
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